Type of Dog Beds (Important For Your Dog’s Rest)

Dogs come in all different breeds, sizes and temperaments. The dog beds that is right for a small pampered pooch may not be the best bed for a large working dog.

There are almost as many types of dog beds as there are dog breeds. Here are some descriptions of the most common dog beds and their intended use:

Pillow or Cushion dog beds

These are the most common in use. They come in round, square and rectangle shapes and many different sizes to fit any breed. There are a multitude of fabric and color options to choose from. Most beds are stuffed with either poly foam, or foam and cedar chips blend, which acts as a natural flea repellent.

dog beds

Some dogs may not like the smell of the cedar chips or may have an allergic skin reaction to the scent, so if your dog has a history of skin ailments or you are buying a bed for a puppy you may want to avoid beds with cedar ships or cedar scent.

Orthopedic dog beds

These are specially designed for dogs with arthritis or other joint problems such as hip dysplasia, and for senior citizen dogs regardless of their health problems. Expect to pay a little more for an orthopedic dog bed as they are generally made of higher quality materials than standard dog beds, such as high-density, medical-grade foam that provides more support and comfort.

dog beds

Some beds even include electric heating pads to provide soothing warmth which helps to relieve joint pain.  Waterproof or washable fabrics may be needed for older dogs that are incontinent.

Nest Dog Beds

Nest dog beds may also be referred to as cuddler or donut. These dog bed types get their name from the fact that the bedding, usually a deep, soft pillow or foam cushion, is surrounded by a wall made of some sturdy material such as stuffed fabric, wood, plastic, or wicker.

dog beds

Your dog curls up inside the bed and the walls of the bed provide warmth, comfort and privacy. These beds are great for cold climates or for dogs who like to curl up for warmth. Many dogs feel more secure in an enclosed, den-like area and nest beds may have a calming effect.

Dog Bed Mats

Mats are generally the most inexpensive dog bed option. They are usually a thin layer of foam covered by a waterproof or washable fabric. Mats work great in kennels or crates and help cushion your dog from a cold, hard floor. The latest mats are now available with high-grade memory foam and some even offer cooling properties from high-tech materials. Due to being flat and lightweight, most mats travel well.
Travel Dog Beds

dog beds

Travel dog beds run the gamut from sleeping bag like roll ups to travel mats that fit easily into kennels or carriers for travel on trains and airplanes. Most travel dog beds are machine washable and fold into a compact size when not in use. Many feature carry bags, handles or waterproof fabrics for outdoor use. There are even dog beds that are specially designed to fit bucket or bench seats in your car for taking your dog along on a road trip.

Designer dog beds

Designer dogs beds or custom made dog beds are designed like small pieces of furniture and prices can vary based on materials. Many are made like small sofas with wood frames covered with commercial grade foam and custom fabric options.

Other beds are made from polished wood, such as canopy or day bed styles, and can fit any décor from rustic to colonial. There are also wrought iron headboards and footboards, and even hammock-style dog beds. Many are custom ordered or hand made, expect to pay higher prices and wait several weeks for delivery. 

While dog beds come in many shapes, sizes and color to match your décor or fit your personality, it is more important to your dog that the bed is warm, safe and comfortable. Be sure to keep your dog’s needs in mind when choosing a dog bed, there are enough options available to make everyone happy

Irish Doodle Training Tips (Complete Guide)

Irish Doodle is rated as one of the most popular breeds across the world, they were rated as the number 1 preferred breed in the United States in the 1960’s to mid-1980’s. They originated in Germany as water retrievers and they generally have double coats, consisting of the outer wiry curls and a thick, wooly undercoat. They have long legs, with regal posture, elegant, and dignified disposition.


Clearly, Irish Doodle has an eager to please attitude and intelligence about them that makes it easier to go through the Doodle training tips to achieve a well-behaved and obedient pet. Moreover, these Irish Doodle training tips are aimed to make it easier for the owners to communicate with their beloved pets.

Irish Doodle

Doodle training tips, as the name implies, helps in targeting those unwarranted behaviors we don’t want with our household pets. These Irish Doodle training tips, however, won’t work as effectively without the help of the entire family. In order for it to be effective, doodle training tips require patience and consistency. These doodle training tips will provide you with the basics needed in doodle handling.

First and foremost on the doodle training tips list is to never punish your dog. This does not work well with a doodle. It can make them shut down and harder to train. They respond more to positive reinforcements with praises and constant love.

Next doodle training tips are to teach one command at a time. Do not overwhelm the dog with too many complicated orders. This will further confuse your pet.

Irish Doodle

Another doodle training tip is to be consistent with your command used with the other members of the family. Sit down with your household members who will be interacting with your new pet and agree with each other on a common protocol in handling your pet. Decide on universal commands and stress the importance of consistency within the family so as to speed up the Irish Doodle training process.

Follow up on learned training tips. Do not forget to refresh your doodles’ memory on the learned tricks and commands. This will further strengthen the learned behavior. Of course, couple it up with again positive reinforcements every time your doodle gets it right.

Another one of my doodle training tips is reasonable. Start out with simple commands. Avoid overwhelming your pet. Also, keep in mind to shorten a training session. Limit yourself to around 10 minutes per session to avoid boring your pup.

Irish Doodle

Limit distractions. You want your doodle full attention on you so that he will be focused on the task at hand.

Work on schedules. They function well with a well-structured routine. To sum up doodle training tips, you must maintain consistency and patience so that you can achieve a successful training session with your beloved pet.

Remember, as much as possible, do not scold and punish your doodle. Scolding and punishing never work when you keep doing that, you will even have an even harder time training your beloved pet.

Irish Doodle Training Tips

Toy doodle can be housebroken easily so you must be able to choose the proper method of training your dog.

Irish Doodle has special triggers that you can use when you want them to obey your command. It is like having a remote where you have the ability to control them.

You need to have a great deal of dedication and patience on your part to make the training as smooth as possible and as pleasant to your dog as possible. Sooner or later, you will reap the fruits of being patient when you see your dog properly trained.

The behavior of Irish Doodle 

Most of us notice our dog behavior problems when it is too late and have gone far too deep into our dog’s system. Often we turn a blind eye at the site of initial signs and symptoms of dog behavior problems, mistaking it for patients. Spotting dog behavior problems require more understanding and skills you will become familiar with.

Irish Doodle

Recognizing dog behavior problems early can mean a lot especially in Irish Doodle. Early detection of these behavior problems will mean early intervention. Let’s go through a list of some of the common Irish Doodle behavior problems and understand the basis for these problems.


  1. Inappropriate Potty

One of the most common Irish Doodle behavior problems is when your dog constantly has accidents on your favorite rug. It is one of the most frustrating bad behaviors that must be tapered. Find out the reason for the behavior.

It may be due to territorial marking, health problems, anxiety, attention seeking or lack of proper house training. After finding out what the cause is, start tackling these problems by coordinating with your veterinarian and go to a training facility.

2.Chewing off the furniture

Ever had that problem when you get home and you find out that your pet has just chewed half of your living room? Well, these doodle behavior problems may be due to boredom issues, puppy teething, anxiety or curiosity.

Find out what interests your doodle and provide some entertaining toys that will keep him preoccupied the entire time you are out of the house or not be attending to him. There are available toys in your local pet shop that will stimulate a dog’s interest.


A potentially dangerous behavior problem is biting. Irish Doodle naturally bite or nip to establish their status in the pack, which is instinctive for them. There are however other reasons for this behavior. It may be that they feel threatened, sick or protecting something.

Teach your doodle not to nip as early as puppyhood. They need to learn their place in the pack and that you are the lead dog. They can’t nip at other members of the family. Socialize your doodle to become familiar with other dogs or people. Let them understand that others are not necessarily a threat.

4. Excessive Barking

It is natural for dogs to bark. It is their way to sound an alarm, communicate and express themselves. But excessive barking is another one in the list of dog behavior problems that needs to be addressed. Enroll in training facilities to eliminate unwarranted barking spells. Patience and consistency are keys in training your dog appropriate behaviors.


The most dangerous of all dog behavior problems is aggression. It is characterized by snarling, growling, barking, lunging, biting and pouncing. Most aggressive dogs may come as a result of a history of abuse from their owners. Some of them may also have inherited traits from aggressive parents. This is a problem that really calls for drastic measures. It requires serious attention and should be dealt with instantly. I advise you to seek professional help with this matter.

Irish Doodle Behavior Problems

We hope that by laying out these dog problems, you, as a responsible owner will be able to detect and prevent the behavior problems of your beloved pet after all, it is not only you who will suffer the consequences but your pet as well. You want to own a pet so you must be responsible enough to take care of it. If you think you cannot be a responsible pet owner, then it is best suggested that you think twice before getting a pet.

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Labrador Retriever Complete Information of the breed

The Labrador Retriever can be traced back to Newfoundland in Canada in the 15th century. Originally the large breed known as the Newfoundland was found but then later a smaller version with short coarse hair and an easier ability to swim in cold water was discovered.

From its abilities to retrieve rabbits, birds and fish by huntsmen and therefore the breed became known as a Labrador retriever. It is unknown whether they are natively from England and came to Newfoundland on a boat or whether they are natively found in Newfoundland.

They quickly became a very popular breed to own, whether you wanted them as a pet or for a working capacity. Labradors would be the most popular breed for a gun dog as they have a perfect temperament and naturally have a willingness to please their owners. They are therefore been labelled as a gun dog breed.

Labrador Retriever

Identifying the breed:

Labrador Retriever comes in three main colours, black, chocolate brown and golden or yellow. The Golden/yellow Labrador can range in there colour from bright yellow to a dark nearly reddish colour. The black and golden/yellow colours are the most popular especially in breeding. Labradors are also renowned for their floppy ears.

Are you a suitable owner for a Labrador Retriever?

A Labrador would fit into almost any home environment once the owner is willing to devote their time as much as the Labrador shows them. Although a Labrador is naturally a dog that wants to please it becomes more difficult to train them if you don’t start early on.

Labrador’s have a huge amount of energy, that’s why they make such good gun dogs running around so much. A Labrador owner should take this into consideration and have time regularly to bring them for walks and for playtime.

Labrador Retrievers

Labrador Retriever coat:

Labradors have a short coat that is dense and shed all year round, particularly in spring and autumn. Labradors would require minimal grooming. Regular brushing would be recommended to avoid excessive shedding and bathing would only be required when necessary, always use appropriate shampoo to avoid skin irritation

Labrador Retriever personality:

Labrador Retriever are traditionally a gun dog. This means that as a pet they are very willing to please and a quick learner. This also makes them an excellent contender for a guide dog and because of their superb sniffing skills and retrieving skills; it makes them excellent sniffer dogs.  Labrador’s are naturally are very friendly and playful dog that has a lot of energy throughout the day. 

Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retriever Characteristics:

Good solid bodies, not too fat and not thin as this could indicate worms or incorrect feeding or both. They should look overall clean and be in good condition. Where they have been kept should also be clean. A bright clean and happy puppy with a wagging tail is best but don’t necessarily dismiss the pup that shy away as he may just be an observer.

On the side of caution – acquire your puppy from someone who is close by with a good reputation. It is always a good idea to view both parents and their registered papers. Inquire about their vaccinations and worming tablets but also get your own vet to look at the puppy once you have brought it home.

Labrador Retriever Adult:


Strong head with floppy ears, good shiny coat and strong muscular body with strong legs. A Labrador’s body is often very strong in the front with a lot of strength around their chest and neck. a labrador female will weigh between 30kg to 35kgs and a male between 35 to 40 kg, on average.

With a good diet and a healthy lifestyle, a Labrador’s coat should be nice and shinny and smooth. That’s why it is essential to do lead training early on. An adult Labrador’s personality will start to shine through from an early age, loyalty and the willingness to please. 

In general, it would be considered that 13 years is a good life expectancy for a Labrador Dogs, in general, are considered adults when the reach about three years of age. As your dog gets older, their personality will shine through and their puppy madness will become less prevalent.

Labrador Retriever

They will still require and active life in the form of regular walks and runs to maintain a healthy dog lifestyle. But in general Labrador’s are a very energetic breed right up to an old age, that’s why they make such great gun dogs.

Health conditions Labrador Retriever are prone to:

  • Progressive Renal Atrophy (eyes)
  • Hip Dysplasia (hips)
  • Osteochondrosis (bones)

All of these conditions are usually tested and diagnosed before the Labrador Retriever is a year old.

How To Choose Veterinary Services For Your Bulldog

Pet ownership is a very rewarding experience. Some of those rewards of pet ownership include the teaching of responsibility to children in the household, companionship, protection, etc.

In addition, because a pet touches the lives of those in the home it is important to value that member of the family by providing the best care available. Some important aspects of that care include nutritious food, daily grooming, proper exercise, obedience training, etc. Also, it is important to provide the best medical care as well. Medical care or veterinary services can include vaccinations, routine checkups, treatment of allergies, etc.

Before selecting veterinary services for the pet in the household it is important to conduct some research regarding veterinary services that are available. Some of those factors to research include the professionalism of the staff, accessibility of the clinic and matching the veterinary services provided with the medical needs of your pet.

Professionalism Of The Staff

Given the assumption that those veterinarians in the community are qualified to practice veterinary medicine, the second most important factor to consider is the professional staff. The professionalism of the staff should not only reflect their years of experience and their ability to perform services, but their dedication to pet health and love for animals.

In addition, the staff should exhibit a professional demeanor so that the pet’s family feels confident in the staff’s ability to provide for their pet. Also, genuine care and concern should be demonstrated to set the pet at ease when being treated.

When selecting veterinary services for the family pet the best resource in the selection process is by asking other pet owners.


Another important aspect of veterinary services is their ongoing business procedures. These business procedures include their times of operation, days of operation and accessibility.

Times of operation are important especially if transportation is limited. Also, scheduling may be an issue if a member of the family uses the vehicle to commute to work and their hours of availability do not coincide with the veterinarian’s hours of operation. Another accessibility consideration is the availability of the clinic during the weekend or after hours in the event of an emergency.

Services Available

One additional consideration to take into account when selecting veterinary services is to determine what specific services are available by the clinic. One such service that has become important in protecting a family’s pet is by placing a locating device underneath the pet’s skin. If this is a protective feature that you wish to take advantage of then selecting a veterinary service that provides this micro-chip feature is critical.

Also, some veterinarians have become more specialized in the field of veterinarian medicine. For example some veterinarians may specialize in the care of a pet’s heart. If you have a pet that is older you may wish to consider a veterinarian that offers this specialty in their practice.

Tips On How To Prepare For Self-Grooming Your Pet Dog

If you have made a decision that it can be time for it to lower your expenses by grooming your own personal family dog, then you are in a growing crowd. Many pet owners are taking this method to save lots of time as well as to save cash. On the other hand, despite the fact that clipping out a real pet’s coat just isn’t hard, it’s actually not an issue that must be undertaken frivolously. The reason for the dog’s layer or fur would be to provide a coating of defense or perhaps warmth to the dog. In some cases people could imagine that over and above inheritance, the size and the breadth of a dog’s coating is up to the pet owner. On the other hand, the length of the fur or perhaps the coating from the pooch should depend upon its dog breed, and what exactly is wholesome for that specific type of canines.

For instance, quite a few pets naturally do far better with their particular coat somewhat lengthier, since their particular skin is rather sensitive to light. Alternatively, there are many dogs that happen to be extremely delicate to warmth. All of these pet dogs will surely have to be as cool and also as waterless as possible. Therefore, such pet dogs has to be cut by using a close cut. Having suggested this, it is rather important for puppy owners to understand that they shouldn’t ever cut their particular pets much too close to the tissue. This can result in blisters to the flesh, or being cut too close by causes different types of distress for that canine.

So, using this said, here are several techniques that most people who own dogs can start organizing themselves and their pet dogs to be groomed as well as trimmed in the home. To start with, when the dog owner has adopted young dogs, then it’s advised that the dog owner begins trimming the dogs as soon as possible. This should permit the puppy to become accustomed to being clipped. Soon enough, your dog can certainly figure out how to develop a positive connection to the trimmers. In case the dog owner recently taken a grown-up hound from a animal shelter, perhaps getting the pet dog familiar with being trimmed may well be a little difficult task. However, if the pet owner is usually soft, in this case the canine will find out how to trust getting groomed to be a positive routine.

It is necessary for people who own dogs to purchase a reliable make of canine trimmers, just like Wahl dog clippers. These kinds of clippers are said to be really efficient, and they have been demonstrated as a way to cope with tougher clipping out projects. Certain pets have more challenging not to mention plumper qualities of hair than the others. A sort of hound trimmers such as Wahl dog clippers is right for all of these grooming jobs, considering that the faster the canine holder can certainly conclude trimming the canine, the more positive of an experience it will likely be for your dog. Undoubtedly, a dog does not want its owner bearing down on it, or frequently raking on there with boisterous shaking trimmers!

If dog owners are doubtful about how much pressure they should employ on their dog, or in cases where owners are insecure about how to move the clippers over the dog, they can get advice from a professional groomer. The groomer is used to working with different styles of breeds, and the pet groomer may be able to help the dog owner out.

Top 5 great ways to train your German Shepherd Breed

I know from experience that German Shepherd really is a great dog to own. The German Shepherd is a playful canine as well as being extremely loyal and loves a lot of mental stimulation

They are great for a single owner or as part of a family, however, sometimes they can be difficult to train. This article will take you through the top tips on how exactly to train your German Shepherd.

1. Get your German Shepherd Check Out By The Vet:

The first thing you should do after getting your new dog is getting him checked out by the vet. You need to make sure your dog has a clean bill of health before you start to train him. Your vet will check his breathing and joints as well as his overall general health. If all is well you are ready to start teaching your animal to obey you.

2. Get Up Before Your Dog:

When starting German Shepherd Dog training it is inevitable that you are going to have a few “mistakes”. A great tip to minimize this is waking up early before he is up and taking him out, this will help him associate his “business” with outside.

German Shepherd

You should also always keep your German Shepherd puppy near his newspapers in case he needs to go when he isn’t outside. When the mistakes happen you should firmly tell your pet “No” so he knows he has done wrong and places him outside. Do not shout at him or scare him as this will not help. The puppy just needs to know he has done wrong and he will learn not to do it.

3. Choose The Name Of Your German Shepherd:

A German Shepherd needs to know his name right off the bat to avoid confusion. To start off your German Shepherd dog training you need to make sure you have thought up a name before he arrives. Make sure every time you talk to the new pet you talk to him using his name. He will gradually start to realize that is what he is called and respond to it.

4. Do not comfort your puppy at night:

When you first start training your German Shepherd puppy you will have to leave him alone at night. You must make sure that when he starts crying you don’t run and comfort him.

This may sound harsh but if you start to comfort your canine you will teach him that if he cries you will come. He will then keep doing it and pick it up as a bad habit. If you leave him alone he will stop crying within a couple of nights.

5. Pick Up A Training Manual:

An untrained dog can be a nightmare to be around but if you train your puppy well he will be a massive part of the family. When I got my first German Shepherd I had no idea what I was doing so I picked up and ebook called secrets to dog training which showed me step by step how to train my German Shepherd dog.

These were some of the secret tips for training your German Shepherd. Hope so these will help you in the same way as it helped me.

German Shepherd Puppy Buying Guide for All In 2018

You’ve decided you want a German Shepherd Puppy, so what comes next?

To begin with, make sure you understand what German Shepherd Dogs are all about. Make sure you understand the heritage of the breed. The German Shepherd is a member of the Pastoral Group of dogs. That is to say, it is a working dog. It is a dog that requires a considerable amount of exercise and training.

Watch the video to understand more about German Shepherd Puppy or adult breed.

Buy your German Shepherd Puppy only from a Kennel Club registered breeder. It is not to say that a non-registered German Shepherd breeder cannot produce a perfectly healthy and happy German Shepherd. It is not to say that a non-registered breeder cannot produce a dog that meets the Kennel Club breed standards when it comes to size and proportions, etc.

German Shepherd Puppy

But by buying from a registered breeder you are buying a known and well-documented history. You will know the history of your German Shepherd’s parents and grandparents.

You will know that they were happy, healthy, well-adjusted dogs so you can be fairly certain that your dog will turn out the same. It’s called genetics but really, from you the prospective German Shepherd puppy owner’s perspective, it’s all about buying a known quantity.

The more you learn, the more you will ‘understand’ the breed. Buying a German Shepherd puppy is a considerable investment, not simply in terms of the purchase price, but in terms of the cost of maintaining your dog throughout its life. Learn more about the breed in the video

Understand what potential health issues are inherent in German Shepherd Puppy. Every breed has potential health issues that are inherent to that particular breed. In the case of German Shepherd, for example, hip dysplasia is a known issue. So check what hip score your puppy has and what score its mother has.

Always insist on seeing your German Shepherd Puppy where it was born. View the surroundings it has known throughout its short life. Put yourself in your puppy’s place and ask yourself if you would be happily brought up in those surroundings. Then you can better decide if those surroundings are conducive to the development of a healthy and happy puppy. For example, is it clean, is it well maintained?

German Shepherd Puppy

Always insist on seeing your German Shepherd Puppy siblings, and particularly its mother. Does the whole litter look healthy and happy? Do they look clean and well cared for? Does the mother display the characteristics you are looking for in your puppy?

We don’t just mean physical characteristics but in terms of her temperament. Don’t just go on looks. How does she behave? Is she sociable? Does she behave the way you want your pup to behave?

Don’t be afraid to ask questions of your breeder. Apart from the fact that they should be able to easily answer all the questions you ask, your interest will give the breeder added comfort in knowing that you care enough to ask the questions in the first place. Any good breeder will not just be interested in selling their pups; they will want to know that they are being sold to a responsible and caring owner.

Never, ever, agree to buy a puppy without first seeing it!

 Always make sure that your breeder has a full set of documentation for your puppy. That it is to hand and ready to be taken away with you. Check the Kennel Club registration paperwork. Check the inoculation records are correct. Make sure those records apply to your particular puppy. 

Check that your puppy seems healthy before you take him home with you. Make sure you have a diet sheet so you know what food your puppy is currently taking and what food to continue giving him.

Check your German Shepherd Puppy current medical condition. Has it been wormed and when? When was it inoculated? Has it been treated for fleas? Has it been microchipped?

Before you go to pick up your puppy, go shopping for all the things you’ll need when you bring him home. He’ll need a bed, food and drinking bowls, a collar and lead, grooming equipment, and a blanket so he can make his own bed in his new home.

As soon as you get home, make an appointment with your local vet to make sure everything is in order with your German Shepherd Puppy. It will be a chance for the two of them to get to know one another!

Corgi puppy training (A Complete Package For All)

Corgi puppy doesn’t-look like sportsmen with their short legs like Red Tiger Bulldog, French Bulldog and, American Bulldog or some other breeds, yet they are bred to herd, which makes them faster and agiler.

Exercise makes corgis a much better family pet, although they may not be docile. Therefore, agility may be a great task to bond while training them and giving them added exercise.
What about the basic training?

Agility training of corgi puppy

Agility training will need some basic skills, like stay and remember before beginning it along with your Corgi puppy. Since agility is done off-leash, these abilities give you the control you must take the leash away and help your dog learn to run through the course.

corgi puppy

Build up to calling your dog and walking a couple of feet away. Use treats during recall training, therefore, your dog is always excited to come to you. Reduce the distance and keep training if your puppy cannot come. Consistently use a leash in the early phases of training to ensure that you are able to bring your puppy back for you if it makes an error or wants to run away.

Training in socialization: a must for a corgi puppy

There are several bits of equipment on an agility course that can look threatening to your youthful Corgi, including a see-saw, tunnels and the board. Your dog should discover these objects in a positive way to make agility enjoyment as the see-saw moves along with the board as well as your puppy weight is really high off the ground.

corgi puppy

For example, by exposing, those to the gear when it is about the ground and slowly start build height. For the tunnels, make them as quickly as feasible which means that your Corgi can predict when he gets through it. Reward with treats while your dog is on the equipment. In case, it jumps off early, don’t-give a benefit or treat. Smoothly lead the dog back and try again.

Give corgis jump training

Though Corgis have short legs, they can still jump. If your Corgi is 8-inches tall, it will be in the 8-inch hop group, which means the leaps are 8-inches tall. If your Corgi is taller than that, it will likely be in the 12-inch hop group.

corgi puppy

Do not begin at this height, especially with a pup. Corgis training are prone to back problem, therefore consult your veterinarian in the right age to begin hop training because they have a long back. Typically, this will be after your dog is a year old.

Weave Post Training is also necessary

The toughest obstacle to train in an agility class is the weave poles. When you begin training, keep your Corgi puppy on a leash to help guide it more efficiently. Avoid giving a treat after each pole since that will impede the learning process.

These were some of the training tips that are required by everyone before training your corgi.

Bonus Tip:  Train your corgi puppy in a silent and friendly environment. they will learn 70% faster than in the hustle environment. 

What breed is my dog?

“What breed is my dog?” may seem the type of question only owners of mixed breed dogs would ask, but that is not necessarily the case. Short of receiving your dog from a bone-fide breeder, dogs sourced as gifts, rescues, strays or otherwise unknown origins, may be of uncertain lineage. So what are the ways to determine breed?

Red Question MarkThere are, actually, numerous ways to piece together the information needed to come to a reasonable conclusion. For the purposes of this article, we are going to look at measurement as an aspect of determination.

It may seem obvious to you that your dog is either small, medium or large but in fact, even the world’s certifying bodies do not readily agree on these classifications. Therefore, knowing your dog’s accurate measurements and taking them precisely, will provide useful information. Keep in mind that the breeds’ themselves define specific, preferred dimensions, so it would hold true that knowing exact size would provide a valuable hint as to the dog’s breed.

Let’s also keep in mind that breed sizes can overlap and may have considerable range in width, height, etc. We should strive to be accurate but understand that these are going to be simple helpful guidelines, at best.

There are approximately six different measurements that may be taken. Each has precise requirements with respect to location and methods of acquiring data. We will be measuring the Neckline/Back, Chest/Waist and the Front/Hind Legs areas. Whether you use inches or centimeters is your choice, since most breed measurement lists use both. Also, you can use a measuring tape, ruler or yard stick but we prefer a tailors tape due to its flexibility, which we believe, leads to more accurate numbers

We will review these areas individually below

Back Measurement: First we should define the term withers, since this location is critical to this measurement. Withers is the heightened area between the animals shoulder blades towards the base of the neck and lightly behind the front legs. Measuring from this area is standard procedure for determining height and back length.

Have your dog stand in a comfortable, normal stance. Now measure the distance from the withers to the base of the tail and record.

Neck Measurement: This measurement is taken from the widest part of the neck, usually at the base of the neck.

Chest Measurement: Take these numbers from the widest part of the chest by starting at approximately the base of the neck and follow through behind the dog’s forelegs.

Waist Measurement: Find the narrow area of the dog’s stomach prior to the hind legs for this measurement. Please make sure to take this in front of the male’s sex organs to ensure the proper circumference.

Front Leg Inner Length Measurement: Measure from where the chest meets the inside of the leg and follow to the wrist bone.

Hind Leg Measurement: Measure distance from area where chest meets the hind leg along the inside portion through to the hock.

Well there you have it. Take the numbers that you have collected and compare them to dimensions for specific breeds. This will help you to begin the process of elimination and narrow the breeds down to those most eligible.

Stay tuned for future installments, that will provide additional methods to assist you when you ask: What Breed Is My Dog?

How do I train a puppy?

How do I train a puppy?  Lots of routine, hard work, observation and luck!  It is that simple.  Seriously, training a puppy requires commitment because it will test your patience.  Frankly, if you are going to share you house with a dog, you have no choice.  But it is not just about you.  Your pet will be much happier when it has understood and accepted your prescribed process for elimination.

Remember – your pet did not choose to live with you.  Its instincts are to eliminate when necessary, everywhere except where it sleeps or eats.  Imposing your rules for this is going to be a learning experience for your puppy.  Be patient.  They will figure it out.

Over the years, we have noticed that some things work better than others.  The following is not intended to negate any training programs or established methods promoted by others.  We simply want to share what has and continues to work for us, over and over again.

Your pet will truly understand a regular schedule.  Ultimately, whatever you do, do it the same time, the same way each day.  This means that food, drink, walk, play and elimination time should happen at the same time each day.  This is so important because it is not natural for them to stop the urge to eliminate.

We like to use a crate from the moment we meet our new companion.  Crates are great.  They must be the proper size and be prepared to upgrade your crate to larger sizes as your dog grows.  The reason size matters is that a dog will eliminate in the over sized space if it can do so and move to the opposite side of the crate, unaffected.  Properly sized crates do not allow your puppy this luxury and therefore it will learn to hold on.  Keep in mind that a puppy can not be expected to initially hold at all.  This brings us back to timely routine.   If you are in doubt about which crate/kennel to purchase, check with your store clerk for advice.

You must ensure that your pet’s crate/kennel is a very positive place.  In order for it to be effective, they must want to be there in the first place.  Please do not discipline your dog by harshly demanding that it go to or be put in their crate as a result of an accident.  This will be counterproductive and simply should not be done at all, for any reason.  If there is normal hesitancy, we use a treat to entice it in, usually by placing it inside the crate, far enough so that it must enter fully to retrieve the morsel.   Making the crate a positive space will pay dividends during house training as well as later in the dog’s life as a place of comfort and protection.

Choose one area of your yard in which your puppy will regularly eliminate.  They will come to identify it as the place to do their business and will be glad to do so.  Animals will not defecate in a filthy area so clear it regularly.  Also, exaggerated praise works wonderfully when your pet is successful in their designated area. Lay it on thick and watch them go back for more!

Feeding frequency and amounts vary with breed but typically, with a medium sized dog, feeding three times a day initially and later two times day works well.  Some will tell you to feed in moderate amounts, food and water.  This has not worked well in our experience.  We place the dog bowls outside the crate with ample amounts of food and water.  Watch closely as your pet devours the meal.  When it is satisfied or after approximately 20-25 minutes, the bowl should be lifted from the floor.  This way it will learn that there is a feeding time so it must take advantage of the period to satisfy itself.  Also, at times, our pets may drink a significant amount of water at first, leaving less space for food.  When this happens, we have provided it with less water at the beginning of the feeding.  Once the food has been eaten, adding additional water at that time seems to work well.

After the feeding time, in our experience, approximately one hour, the puppy should be taken to its designated elimination area.  You will find that it will usually be glad to comply.

Following a routine is how I train a puppy to co-exist with us in our home.  Fun, play, practice, special positive places and expectations understood are all your pet will need to learn compliance.  Once achieved it can explore other areas of your home, become more involved with you and your family and be quite happy.